The engineering design process is a process used by engineers to help develop products.

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The "Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology" defines the engineering design as:

… the process of devising a system, component or process to meet desired needs. It is a decision-making process (often iterative), in which the basic sciences, mathematics, and engineering sciences are applied to convert resources optimally to meet a stated objective. Among the fundamental elements of the design process are the establishment of objectives and criteria, synthesis, analysis, construction, testing, and evaluation.

This process can be divided up into a ten-step process, which includes:

  1. Identifying a need
  2. Defining the problem
  3. Conducting research
  4. Narrowing the research
  5. Analyzing set criteria
  6. Finding alternative solutions
  7. Analyzing possible solutions
  8. Making a decision
  9. Presenting the product
  10. Communicating and selling the product.

Presenting the product

Step nine in the design process is to clearly specify the product to others. Here it is important to clearly define exactly what the solution is. Details about the product can be given visually through sketches. It’s important to have accurate sketches in order to describe to technicians and drafters your ideas. Successful engineers will have to accurately communicate through “written, spoken and graphical languages in order to develop and interpret specifications” (Eide).

Communicating and selling the product

Communication and selling the product is step ten. In the end, the engineer is going to have to sell the design of his or her product. Here the engineer has to sell and explain the product in a persuading manner. Selling the product takes place all along the design process. Another way of communication is the written report, which may be read by both management and clients. These written reports can vary in formality, but usually contain an appropriate cover page, abstract, table of contents, body, conclusion and recommendation, and an appendix. Another common way of communicating the new product is through an oral presentation which presents the information convincently to the listener. The key to a good oral presentation is to be prepared, have good posture, good eye contact and project your voice load and clearly. It’s important that the oral presentation gives enough information to get the idea across to the desired audience but not too much information to become overwhelming, and confusing.

“Design is the essence of engineer.” (Eide) The purpose of engineering design revolves around our natural instincts as human beings to always strive for more, and that is why engineering is one of the fastest growing careers. Society will always strive for more than what are available, pushing engineers, designers, and inventors to continuously produce more innovative ideas. Through the engineering design process, engineers are given the tools and guidelines needed to successfully create these innovative ideas.


This Page Last updated 1/12/2009